Article highlights briefly convey key findings, main points, and policy implications.

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  • Unlanded Class: Albania's Gender Gaps in Land Ownership and Inheritance – Edvin Zhllima, Dorina Pojani, Elvina Merkaj & Drini Imami
    • In Albania, patriarchal customary laws disfavor women when it comes to property ownership, inheritance, and decision making.
    • Women in rural societies, in particular, rely on custom and have low awareness of their legal property rights.
    • Women who are more informed about formal laws view themselves as more equal to men.
    • Where patriarchy is combined with poverty, gender inequality is exacerbated.
    • Education and legal literacy are key to overcoming entrenched patriarchy and fostering women’s empowerment.
  • Race/Ethnicity and Sex Differences in Attitudes Toward Policies for Gender Equality in the United States – Nabamallika Dehingia, Jeni Klugman, Elena Ortiz & Anita Raj
    • Attitudes are drivers of change when it comes to gender equality.
    • In the US, there is majority support for gender equality, albeit with key gaps by race/ethnicity and sex.
    • Women are more likely than men to hold egalitarian views.
    • Men are more attached to traditional family roles for women, regardless of race.
    • All men tend to relatively gain from patriarchal norms around paid and unpaid work.
  • ‘The best job in the World’: Breadwinning and the capture of household labor in nineteenth and early twentieth-century british coalmining – Jane Humphries & Ryah Thomas
    • Women's disempowerment in historical mining communities had adverse effects that persist today.
    • Pit women's labor propped up profits and wages and discouraged infrastructure investment.
    • Breadwinning secured increased leisure time and higher income for men not women.
    • Hours and incomes of “double shift”” factory women compare favorably to pit women.
    • Regeneration must confront the gendered identities embedded in ex-mining communities.
  • Precarity of Subsistence: Social Reproduction Among South African Nurses – Jennifer Cohen
    • Securely employed, professional women may have precarious lives.
    • Familial dependency can induce precarity among black women employed in nursing in South Africa.
    • South African nurses were distressed prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.
    • Gendered value systems and norms contribute to precarious subsistence.
    • Universal basic income could mitigate micro-level crises of social reproduction.
  • Gender and Work Patterns in Indian Cities: A Socio-Spatial Analysis – Vamsi Vakulabharanam & Sripad Motiram
    • Gender and city geographies mutually shape each other.
    • Women’s labor force participation varies across and within Indian cities; men’s labor force participation is nearly uniform.
    • Women’s paid work is higher in cities that have women-friendly transportation.
    • Women’s paid work is higher in sub-city zones with superior transportation facilities for all.
    • Policies that ease care or commuting burdens improve women’s participation in the labor force.